German words



Relationships:
Bruder — Brother

Ehemann — Husband

Enkel — Grandson

Enkelin — Granddaughter

Enkelkind — Grandchild

Frau — Wife, woman

Gatte — Husband

Gattin — Wife

Geschwister — Brothers and sisters

Großmutter — Grandmother

Großvater — Grandfather

Hausfrau — Wife

Kind(er) — Child(ren)

Kusine / Cousine — Cousin (female)

Mann — Husband

Mutter — Mother

Neffe — Nephew

Nichte — Niece

Onkel — Uncle

Pflegesohn — Foster son

Pflegtochter — Foster daughter

Schwager — Brother-in-law

Schwägerin — Sister-in-law

Schwiegermutter — Mother-in-law

Schwiegersohn — Son-in-law

Schwiegertochter — Daughter-in-law

Schwiegervater — Father-in-law

Schwester — Sister

Sohn — Son

Stiefbruder — Step-brother

Stiefschwester — Step-sister

Stief Sohn — Step son

Stief Tochter — Step daughter

Tante — Aunt

Tochter — Daughter

Vater — Father

Verwandte — Relative

Vetter — Cousin (male)



Occupations:

Ackerbauer — Husbandman

Ackermann — Husbandman

Apotheker — Chemist, apothecary, druggist, pharmacist

Arbeiter — Worker, workman

Arbeitsmann — Workman

Architect — Architect

Arzt — Physician, doctor, medical man

Arzt des Schiffes — Ships doctor

Bäcker — Baker

Barbier — Barber

Bauer — Husbandman, peasant, wealthy peasant, rustic

Bauhandwerker — Building artisan

Becker — Baker

Bedienter — Servant, footman, flunkey, lackey

Bergmann — Miner, mountaineer

Bierbrauer — Brewer

Blockmacher — Block maker

Böttcher — Cooper

Böttchermeister — Master cooper

Böttger — see Böttcher

Brauer — Brewer

Braut — Bride

Brenner — Distiller, brickmaker

Brunnenmacher — Well sinker, well maker

Buchbinder — Book binder, bookmaker

Buchdrucker — Printer

Buchhändler — Book seller

Chemiker — Analytical chemist

Chirurg — Surgeon

Chirurgius — Surgeon

Cigarrenarbeiter — Cigar-maker

Cigarrenmacher — Cigar maker

Commis — Clerk

Conditor — Confectioner, pastry-cook

Dachdecker — Slater, tiler, thatcher

Dienstknecht — Servant, man servant

Dienstmädchen — Servant girl, maid servant, maid

Dienstmagd — Servant girl, maid servant, maid

Drechsler — Turner, thresher

Drucker — Printer

Eberführer — Wild boar leader

Eisenarbeiter — Iron worker

Eisendreher — Iron turner

Fabrikarbeiter — Factory worker, operative

Färber — Dyer

Fassbinder — Cooper

Fleischer — Butcher

Förster — Forest keeper, ranger

Fuhrmann — Carrier, driver, coachman, waggoner

Gärtner — Gardener

Gerber — Tanner

Gläser/Glaser — Glazier

Goldarbeiter — Goldsmith, jeweller

Goldschmidt — Goldsmith

Graveur — Engraver

Gypser — Plasterer

Handlungsdiener — Clerk, office boy, errand boy

Haushälterin — Housekeeper

Hebamme — Midwife

Hufschmied — Farrier

Hutmacher — Hatter, hat maker

Ingenier/Ingenieur — Engineer

Instmann — Cottager

Jäger — Hunter, game keeper

Juwelier — Jeweller

Kaufm — see Kaufmann

Kaufmann — Merchant, tradesman, shopkeeper

Kellner — Waiter, bar-keeper, tapster, keeper of a cellar or a tavern

Klempner — Tinker, tinsman, sheet metal worker, plumber

Knecht — Servant, farm-servant, menial, bondman, vassal

Korbmacher — Basket maker

Küfer — Cooper, cellarman

Küper — Cooper, cellarman

Kupferschmied — Brazier, coppersmith

Kürschner — Furrier

Kutscher — Coachman, driver

Lackierer/Lakirer — Varnisher, lacquerer

Landarbeiter — Farm worker, agricultural labourer

Landbauer — Farmer, peasant

Landm — see Landmann

Landmann — Country man, farmer, peasant

Landwirth — Farmer, husbandman, agriculturalist

ledig — Unmarried, single

Lehrer — Teacher, master, instructor

Lieutenant — Lieutenant

Lithograph — Lithographer

Löffelmacher — Spoonmaker

Lohgerber — Tanner

Maler — Painter, artist, decorator

Maschinenbauer — Machine-maker, engine-builder, engineer

Matrose — Sailor

Maurer — Mason, bricklayer, builder

Mechanicus — Mechanician

Mechaniker — Mechanician

Meister — Master

Metzger — Butcher

Messerschmidt — Cutler, knife maker

Mühl(en)bauer — Millwright

Müller — Miller

Müllergeselle — Journeyman miller

Musicklehrer — Music teacher

Musicker/Musiker — Musician, composer

Musicus/Musikus — Musician, member of orchestra

Nageler — Nailer

Nagelhändler — Nail seller

Nägelschmied — Nail maker, nailer

Nähterin — Needle-woman, seamstress

Obergärtner — Head gardener

obige/obiger — above mentioned

Oeconom — Farmer, agriculturalist, manager, steward, housekeeper

Oekonom — see Oeconom

Particulier — Private person, retired person, pensioner

Pastor — Pastor, clergyman

Perlemutterarbeiter — Worker in mother of pearl

Pferdeknecht — Ostler, groom

Rademacher — Wheelwright

Ratsmann — Councilman

Rechtsanwalt — Lawyer, attorney, solicitor

Rotgerber — Tanner

Säger — Sawyer, sawer

Sattler — Saddlemaker, harness maker

Säugling — Infant, suckling

Schäfer — Shepherd

Schieferdecker — Slater

Schiffer — Seaman, sailor, navigator, skipper, sailing master

Schiffsknecht — Ship’s labourer

Schiffzimmermann — Ships carpenter

Schirmmacher — Umbrella-maker

Schlachter — Slaughterman, butcher

Schlosser — Locksmith, fitter

Schmidt — Smith

Schmied — Blacksmith, smith, forger

Schneider — Tailor, cutter

Schornsteinfeger — Chimney-sweep

Schreiber — Writer, scribe (of old manuscripts), secretary, clerk, copyist, author

Schriftsetzer — Compositor, typesetter

Schuhmacher — Shoemaker, bootmaker

Schuster — Shoemaker, cobbler

Seidenwirker — Silk worker, weaver or embroiderer

Seifensieder — Soap boiler

Seiler — Rope maker

Siebmacher — Sieve maker

Steinarbeiter — Quarry worker

Steinhauer — Stone mason, stone cutter

Stellmacher — Wheelwright

Stuhlmacher — Chair maker

Tagelöhner — Day labourer, casual labourer

Tapezier — Upholsterer, paperhanger

Thier Arzt — Veterinary surgeon

Tischler — Joiner, carpenter, cabinet maker

Tischlergeselle — Journeyman joiner

Töpfer — Potter

Tuchfabrikant — Cloth manufacturer

Tuchmacher — Cloth maker

Tuchwalker — Fuller

Uhrmacher — Watchmaker, clockmaker

Viehtreiber — Cow herd

Wagener — Wagon builder, wagonmaker, cartwright

Wäscherin — Washerwoman, laundress

Weber — Spinner, weaver

Weinbauer — Wine grower, grape grower

Weingärtner — Vine dresser

Weinküfer — Cooper

Weissgerber — Tanner

Winzer — Vintager, vine-dresser

Wundarzt — Surgeon, dresser

Ziegeler/Ziegler — Brickmaker

Zimmermann — Carpenter



Religious/Church terms:
Braut — Bride

Bräutigam — Bridegroom

Brautjungfer — Bridesmaid

Diakon — Deacon

evangelisch — Evangelical, protestant

Friedhof — Churchyard, cemetery, graveyard

Gemeinde — Parish, parishioners, congregation, community

gestorben — Died

Heirat — Marriage

Hochzeit — Wedding

Katholisch — Catholic

Kirche — Church

Kirchspiel — Parish

Konfirmation — Confirmation

Küster — Sexton

ledig, unverheiratet — Unmarried

lutherisch, Lutheraner — Lutheran

Opfer — Offerings

Pfarramt — Parish office

Pfarrei — Parish

Pfarrer — Pastor, minister, priest, vicar

Pfarrhaus — Manse, rectory, vicarage

Protestantisch — Protestant

reformiert — Reformed

Starb (sterben) — Die (to die)

Sterbefall — Death

Taufe — Baptism, christening

Tod — Death

Tote — Dead

Totengräber — Sexton

verstorben — Deceased



Jurisdiction or political terms:
Bezirk — District

Dorf — Village

Gericht — Court, law court

Grenze — Border, boundary

Gut — Property, estate

Königreich — Kingdom

Kreis — County, district (literally “circle”)

Land — Land

Provinz — Province

Rathaus — City hall, town hall

Regierungsbezirk — Administrative area

Staat — State

Stadt — City, town

Standesamt — Civil registry office

Weiler — Hamlet



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